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Development of hunting culture

The world wars caused irreparable damages to the stock of game in Hungary. For months the entire territory of the country was a battle field, and even after the end of the war poaching characterized the country, which nearly completely exterminated the remaining game. In 1948 the National Association of Hungarian Hunters (MAVOSZ) was founded, which made compulsory for all hunters and associations of huntsmen to be member of the top organization. The member number of the hunting associations were limited according to the size of the hunting fields. The hunting fields were classified in two categories: big-game and small-game fields. First the small game proliferated, the big-game population was short-shipped in terms of quantity and quality aspects as well.
At the end of the 1940s there was no hunting statistics, therefore it is very difficult to define the number of operating hunting associations within those years. We assume an approximate 1500 hunting associations. At the beginning of the 1950s the number of hunting associations decreased, as the MAVOSZ initiated their merging. The planned economy introduced in game management was promising significant changes. The small-game fields were split into three areas in terms of game management: grace area, capture area and kitchen hunting area. In order to establish the basis of game management they decided to define the number of the game stock by estimation. From 1957 foreign hunters were allowed to hunt for a fee. The first significant hunting event took place in Budapest in 1960: Hungary hosted the international hunting exhibition. The exhibition also presented the trophies of the expeditions returning form Africa. The hunting exhibition was opened on 1st September 1962 in the Museum of Agriculture, and in the frame of the exhibition also hunting days event was organised. Our hunting literature was also fairly poor at the end of the 1940s, but from the end of the 1950s it considerably changed. The guides and hunting descriptions of Zsigmond Széchenyi and the works and at the same time some technical descriptions of István Fekete were published after each other. The hunting literature was considerably empowered by the Budapest Hunting World Exhibition.